Definition of Nihilistic in Psychology
Typically, nihilistic intellectualization involves extreme abstraction, voluminous complexity, sesquipedic diction, non-standard logic, and often reflexivity (meta-level analysis). These isolate the argument of examination against everyday experiences.3 This is a fluctuating eternity. You try to maintain the eternal posture using tricks like kitsch, arming, and mystification. These are not nihilistic strategies; But they can easily turn into nihilism when the fog becomes so obvious that it becomes impossible to pretend. Alternatively, some have interpreted Nietzsche`s commentary as a creed that the world has no rational order. Nietzsche also believed that although Christian morality is nihilistic, humanity without God has no epistemological or moral basis from which we can derive absolute beliefs. Although nihilism has been a threat in the past, through Christianity, Platonism and various political movements aimed at a distant utopian future, and any other philosophy that devalues human life and the world around us (and any philosophy that devalues the world around us by privileging another or a future world), necessarily devalues human life), Nietzsche tells us that it is also a threat to the future of humanity. This warning can also be understood as a polemic against the scientism of the 19th and 20th centuries. The self-destructive and amoral tendencies of a nihilistic worldview can be seen in many of today`s media, including movies and TV shows. The eminent philosophers who wrote on the subject of nihilism are Friedrich Nietzsche and Martin Heidegger. Nietzsche described Christianity as a nihilistic religion because it escaped the challenge of finding meaning in earthly life and instead created a spiritual projection in which mortality and suffering were eliminated, not transcended.
He believed that nihilism resulted from the “death of God” and insisted that it was something that had to be overcome by giving meaning to a monistic reality. (Instead, he sought “pragmatic idealism,” as opposed to the prominent influence of Schopenhauer`s “cosmic idealism.”) Heidegger argued that the term “nihilism” has a very specific meaning. What remains undisputed and forgotten in metaphysics is being; and therefore it is nihilistic” and that nihilism was based on the reduction of being to “mere value”. [To reference and link to an abstract or text] Despite the Buddha`s statements to the contrary, Buddhist practitioners can sometimes still take a nihilistic approach to Buddhism. Ajahn Amaro illustrates this by telling the story of a Buddhist monk, Ajahn Sumedho, who took a nihilistic approach to nirvana in his early years. A peculiarity of Nirvana in Buddhism is that an individual who attains it is no longer subject to rebirth. [Citation needed] Robert Stone is also a contemporary American writer who has often addressed nihilism in his work. In A Flag for Sunrise (1981), for example, the anthropologist Holliwell is a protagonist who struggles against his own nihilistic tendencies. [Citation needed] Another American author who is widely regarded as dealing with issues of nihilism is Chuck Palahniuk. In his 1996 novel Fight Club, for example, the ultimate goal of the book`s “chaos project” is the destruction of modern civilization to rebuild humanity. [Citation needed] However, Palahniuk says he is not intentionally focusing on the subject. [Citation needed] Nathan Tyree`s novel Mr.
Overby is Falling is another recent example of nihilism in literature. In this book, the main character aspires to the destruction of the whole society so that the world can be cleansed of evil. [Citation needed] Nihilism is also a common theme in the worldview and writings of horror author Thomas Ligotti and Bret Easton Ellis. You don`t have to be a full-fledged nihilist to experience nihilistic thoughts; It is normal to wonder about the meaning of life and all the suffering that people experience. Rick and Morty`s Rick Sanchez is portrayed as a very functional alcoholic who is loaded with knowledge. In his self-proclaimed genius, he adapts an existential nihilistic understanding that there is little or no reason to live. The concept of nihilism was discussed by the Buddha (563 BC to 483 BC) as reported in theravada and Mahayana Tripiṭaka.  The Tripiṭaka, originally written in Pali, refers to nihilism as Natthikavāda and the nihilistic vision as micchādiṭṭhi.  Various sutras describe a variety of views held by different sects of ascetics during the Buddha`s life, some of which he considered morally nihilistic. In the “Doctrine of Nihilism” of the Apannaka Sutta, the Buddha describes the moral nihilists who have the following views: The Apocalypse is over, today it is the precession of the neutral, the forms of the neutral and indifference. All that remains is the fascination for desert and indifferent forms, for the functioning of the system that destroys us. But fascination (unlike seduction, which was linked to apparitions, and dialectical reason, which was associated with meaning) is a nihilistic passion par excellence, it is the passion proper to the way of disappearance.
We are fascinated by all forms of disappearance, of our disappearance. Melancholic and fascinating, this is our general situation in an age of involuntary transparency. Nihilism is often more an accusation against a particular idea, movement or group than a real philosophical position to which someone openly subscribes. Movements such as Dadaism, as well as Futurism and Deconstructivism, have been called “nihilistic” by commentators at different times in different contexts. Often this means or is supposed to imply that the prosecutor`s beliefs are more substantial or truthful, while the accused`s beliefs are nihilistic and therefore mean relatively nothing. This tendency to devalue art has led many to assert that Dada is an essentially nihilistic movement.  Given that Dada has created its own means of interpreting its products, it is difficult to classify it among most other expressions of contemporary art. Due to the perceived ambiguity, it has been classified as a nihilistic modus vivendi.  Gilles Deleuze`s interpretation of Nietzsche`s concept of nihilism differs – diametrically opposed in a certain sense – from the usual definition (as described in the rest of this article). Nihilism is one of the main themes of Deleuze Nietzsche`s first book and Philosophy (1962).  There, Deleuze repeatedly interprets Nietzsche`s nihilism as “the enterprise of the denial of life and the devaluation of existence.”  Nihilism thus defined is therefore not the negation of higher values or the negation of meaning, but rather the devaluation of life in the name of those higher values or meanings.